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3D total variation denoising in X-CT imaging applied to pore extraction in additively manufactured parts

Tijdschriftbijdrage - e-publicatie

X-ray computed tomography (X-CT) plays an important role in non-destructive quality inspection and process evaluation in metal additive manufacturing, as several types of defects such as keyhole and lack of fusion pores can be observed in these 3D images as local changes in material density. Segmentation of these defects often relies on threshold methods applied to the reconstructed attenuation values of the 3D image voxels. However, the segmentation accuracy is affected by unavoidable X-CT reconstruction features such as partial volume effects, voxel noise and imaging artefacts. These effects create false positives, difficulties in threshold value selection and unclear or jagged defect edges. In this paper, we present a new X-CT defect segmentation method based on preprocessing the X-CT image with a 3D total variation denoising method. By comparing the changes in the histogram, threshold selection can be significantly better, and the resulting segmentation is of much higher quality. We derive the optimal algorithm parameter settings and demonstrate robustness for deviating settings. The technique is presented on simulated data sets, compared between low- and high-quality X-CT scans, and evaluated with optical microscopy after destructive tests.
Tijdschrift: Measurement science and technology
ISSN: 0957-0233
Volume: 33
Aantal pagina's: 13
Jaar van publicatie:2022
Trefwoorden:A1 Journal article