Uncovering the origin of recent and future zoonotic epidemics in tropical Africa (OMEGA). University of Antwerp
Understanding the prevalence of acquired antimicrobial resistance of zoonotic and indicator bacteria in pigs and poultry and describing the use of antimicrobial agents in these sectors. Further on, the effect of a reduced prophylactic use of antimicrobial agents on antimicrobial resistance of zoonotic and indicator bacteria will be studied on middle long term. The aim is to show a possibility of a reduced antimicrobial agent use due to ...
Risk assessment of zoonotic transmission of Coxiella burnetti from Belgian livestock (ruminants) to humans Ghent University
The cause of emerging human infections of Q-fever (associated with C. burnetti) is probably due to an increase in intensive farming goats for milk production. The current research project will conduct a risk analysis regarding the possible zoonotic transmission of C. burnetti from the Belgian domestic livestock (ruminants) to humans
The diagnosis of zoonotic and soil-transmitted helminth infections in Central Vietnam Ghent University
In Vietnam helminths are common because their transmission is facilitated by the use of stool as fertilizer, use of wastewater for irrigation, eating of raw vegetables/meat/fish, and poor hygiene. Poor diagnosis hinders assessment of epidemiological patterns and control programmes. We will improve the diagnostic capacity of IMPE Quy Nhon by training, improvement of laboratory facilities, technology transfer and regional collaborations.
Development and implementation of a Chlamydophila psittaci molecular diagnostic platform to study the epidemiology of the infection and for tracing zoonotic transmission from birds to man Ghent University
Psittacosis still presents an epidemiologic and diagnostic challenge. Both prevalence and diagnosis are the subject of this study. We aim to compare different diagnostic technics and evaluate the influence of a number of factors on the transfer from bird to main.
More rapid and accurate identification of (zoonotic) Salmonella serotypes subjected to official control in poultry and pork Ghent University
In the scope of the combat against zoonotic Salmonella it is crucial to rapidly identify serotypes that may not contaminate the food chain. The classical method for serotyping by slide agglutination following the Kauffmann-Le Minor Scheme is time consuming and requires carefully trained personnel. It is for these reasons that this methode is fully mastered in only one laboratory in Belgium (Human NRC, IPH).
Our project is composed of 5 ...
Role of stress in Salmonella reexcretion by pigs Ghent University
Stress associated reexcretion of Salmonella Typhimurium by pigs shortly before slaughter results in carcass contamination and thus Salmonella contamination of pork (productes). In this project, the mechanism of stress associated reextreation of Salmonella by pigs will be examined using in vitro and in vivo models.
Protection of chickens against a broad range of Salmonella serotypes by the use of colonization-inhibition attenuated strains with defined living attenuated strains Ghent University
The aim of the project is to create live attenuated Salmonella strains, which protect broiler chickens after oral administration against colonization by Salmonella. These colonization-inhibition (CI) strains are produced by introducing mutations into the genome so these strains can no longer persist in the broiler, while maintaining protection against colonization.
Optimization of Salmonella control in pigs Ghent University
Pigs represent a vast reservoir of Salmonella Typhimurium infections for humans. In this project, the contribution of vaccination and feed additives to an efficient Salmonella control program will be studied.