How does loss of enemies alter the evolution of plant defenses? A field experimental test across three study systems Ghent University
Networks of species are changing at an unprecedented rate due to a range of human-related
factors. Often species are lost, leading to simpler communities. Like most organisms, plants have to
cope with multiple enemies. Most plant species are attacked by a multitude of herbivores and
pathogens. If certain enemies are lost, it seems intuitive that plants should invest less in defense.
This has often been cited as an ...