Capitalist globalization and 'Small Power' diplomacy in the Ottoman Empire. A comparative history of Belgian, Italian, and U.S. consuls (1823-1912). University of Antwerp
This project offers a revisionist history of Western diplomacy in the 19th-century Ottoman Empire. Whereas most studies focus on the 'Great Powers,' this research centers on the U.S.A., Belgium and Italy. Analyzing the role of these 'secondary' states' consuls in furthering foreign trade in the Empire will reveal the Ottoman encounter with Western capital to have been far more conflicted and transnational than usually assumed.