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Vorapaxar for secondary prevention of thrombotic events for patients with previous myocardial infarction: a prespecified subgroup analysis of the TRA 2 degrees P-TIMI 50 trial

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Vorapaxar inhibits platelet activation by antagonising thrombin-mediated activation of the protease-activated receptor 1 on human platelets. The effect of adding other antiplatelet drugs to aspirin for long-term secondary prevention of thrombotic events in stable patients with previous myocardial infarction is uncertain. We tested this effect in a subgroup of patients from the Thrombin Receptor Antagonist in Secondary Prevention of Atherothrombotic Ischemic Events (TRA 2°P)-TIMI 50 trial. METHODS: In TRA 2°P-TIMI 50--a randomised, placebo-controlled, parallel trial--we randomly assigned patients with a history of atherothrombosis to receive vorapaxar (2·5 mg daily) or matching placebo in a 1:1 ratio. Patients, and those giving treatment, assessing outcomes, and analysing results were masked to treatment allocation. Patients with a qualifying myocardial infarction within the previous 2 weeks to 12 months were analysed as a pre-defined subgroup. The primary efficacy endpoint was cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke, analysed by intention to treat. We analysed events by Kaplan-Meier analysis and compared groups with a Cox proportional hazard model. TRA 2°P-TIMI 50 is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT00526474). FINDINGS: 17,779 of 26,449 patients had a qualifying myocardial infarction and were assigned treatment (8898 to vorapaxar and 8881 to placebo). Median follow-up was 2·5 years (IQR 2·0-2·9). Cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke occurred in 610 of 8898 patients in the vorapaxar group and 750 of 8881 in the placebo group (3-year Kaplan-Meier estimates 8·1%vs 9·7%, HR 0·80, 95% CI 0·72-0·89; p<0·0001). Moderate or severe bleeding was more common in the vorapaxar group versus the placebo group (241/8880 [3·4%, 3-year Kaplan-Meier estimate] vs 151/8849 [2·1%, 3-year Kaplan-Meier estimate], HR 1·61, 95% CI 1·31-1·97; p<0·0001). Intracranial haemorrhage occurred in 43 of 8880 patients (0·6%, 3-year Kaplan-Meier estimate) with vorapaxar versus 28 of 8849 (0·4%, 3-year Kaplan-Meier estimate) with placebo (p=0·076). Other serious adverse events were equally distributed between groups. INTERPRETATION: For patients with a history of myocardial infarction, inhibition of protease-activated receptor 1 with vorapaxar reduces the risk of cardiovascular death or ischaemic events when added to standard antiplatelet treatment, including aspirin, and increases the risk of moderate or severe bleeding. FUNDING: Merck.
Journal: LANCET
ISSN: 0140-6736
Issue: 9850
Volume: 380
Pages: 1317 - 1324
Publication year:2012
BOF-keylabel:yes
IOF-keylabel:yes
BOF-publication weight:10
CSS-citation score:3
Authors:International
Authors from:Higher Education