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Validation and IMRT/VMAT delivery quality of a preconfigured fast-rotating O-ring linac system
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
PURPOSE: A fast-rotating O-ring dedicated intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)/volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) delivery system, the Halcyon, is delivered by default with a fully preconfigured photon beam model in the treatment planning system (TPS). This work reports on the validation and achieved IMRT/VMAT delivery quality on the system. METHODS: Acceptance testing followed the vendor's installation product acceptance and was supplemented with mechanical QA. The dosimetric calibration was performed according to the IAEA TRS-398 code-of-practice, delivering 600 cGy/min at 10 cm depth, a 90 cm source-surface distance, and a 10 × 10 cm² field size. The output factors, multileaf collimator (MLC) transmission and dosimetric leaf gap (DLG) were validated by comparing measurements with the modeled values in the TPS. Validation of IMRT/VMAT was conducted following AAPM reports (MPPG 5.a, TG-119). Next, dose measurements were performed for end-to-end (E2E) checks in heterogeneous anthropomorphic phantoms using radiochromic film in multiple planes and using ionization chambers (IC) point measurements. E2E checks were performed for VMAT (cranial, rectum, spine, and head and neck) and IMRT (lung). Additionally, IROC Houston mailed dosimetry audits were performed for the beam calibration and E2E measurements using a thorax phantom (IMRT) and a head and neck phantom (VMAT). Lastly, extensive patient-specific QA was performed for the first patients of each new indication, 26 in total (nrectum = 2, nspine = 5, nlung = 5, nesophagus = 2, nhead and neck = 7, ncranial = 5), treated on the fast-rotating O-ring linac. The patient-specific QA followed the AAPM TG-218 guidelines and comprised of portal dosimetry, ArcCHECK diode array, radiochromic film dosimetry in a MultiCube phantom, and IC point measurements. RESULTS: The measured output factors showed an agreement <1% for fields ≥3 × 3 cm². Field sizes ≤2 × 2 cm² had a difference of <2%. The measured single-layer MLC transmission was 0.42 ± 0.01% and the measured DLG was 0.27 ± 0.22 mm. The AAPM MPPG 5.a measurements were fully compliant with the guideline criteria. Dose differences larger than 2% were found for the PDD at large depths (>25 cm). TG-119's confidence limits were achieved for the VMAT point dose measurements and for both the IMRT and VMAT radiochromic film measurements. The TG-119 confidence limits were not achieved for IMRT point dose measurements in both the target (5.9%) and the avoidance structure (6.4%). All E2E tests had point differences below 2.3% and gamma agreement scores above 90.6%. The IROC beam calibration audit showed agreement of <1%. The IROC lung IMRT audit and head and neck VMAT audit had results compliant with the IROC Houston's credentialing criteria. All IMRT and VMAT plans selected for patient-specific QA were within the action limits suggested by TG-218. CONCLUSIONS: The fast-rotating O-ring linac and its preconfigured TPS are compliant with the international commissioning criteria of AAPM MPPG 5.a and AAPM TG-119. E2E measurements on heterogeneous anthropomorphic phantoms were within clinically acceptable tolerances. IROC Houston's audits satisfied the credentialing criteria. This work comprises the first extensive dataset reporting on the preconfigured fast-rotating O-ring linac.
Journal: Medical Physics
Pages: 328 - 339
Number of pages: 12
Keywords:Radiology & nuclear medicine