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Transitivity, ecology and the emergence of verbal periphrasis in Ancient Greek

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

In this article, I discuss the emergence of verbal periphrasis with U+03B5U+1F30U+03BCU+1F77 U+201CI amU+201D and U+1F14U+03C7U+03C9 U+201CI haveU+201D and a perfect, present or aorist participle in Archaic and Classical Greek. Adopting a so-called U+2018ecologicalU+2019 perspective, I argue for the importance of looking at the interrelationship between the periphrastic constructions in terms of their origins and development, drawing particular attention to the mechanism of U+2018intraferenceU+2019. I relate their semantic development to the notion of U+2018transitivityU+2019 (in a generalized, gradual sense) and show that U+1F14U+03C7U+03C9 with aorist participle, U+03B5U+1F30U+03BCU+1F77 with perfect participle and U+03B5U+1F30U+03BCU+1F77 with present participle became used in increasingly more transitive contexts, a process which I propose to call U+2018transitivizationU+2019. Somewhat tentatively, I suggest that this notion can also be used to describe the semantic development of periphrasis in general, first having occurred in the domain of perfect aspect, afterwards in that of imperfective aspect and only in a final stage in that of perfective aspect.
Journal: Classical Philology
ISSN: 0009-837X
Issue: 4
Volume: 108
Pages: 286 - 313
Publication year:2013
Authors from:Higher Education