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Theoretical Aspects of Nonconventional Hydrogen Bonds in the Complexes of Aldehydes and Hydrogen Chalcogenides

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) in the complexes between aldehydes and hydrogen chalcogenides, XCHO...nH2Z with X = H, F, Cl, Br, and CH3, Z = O, S, Se, and Te, and n = 1,2, were investigated using high-level ab initio calculations. The Csp2-H...O H-bonds are found to be about twice as strong as the Csp2-H...S/Se/Te counterparts. Remarkably, the S/Se/Te-H...S/Se/Te H-bonds are 4.5 times as weak as the O-H...O ones. The addition of the second H2Z molecule into binary systems induces stronger complexes and causes a positive cooperative effect in ternary complexes. The blue shift of Csp2-H stretching frequency involving the Csp2-H...Z H-bond sharply increases when replacing one H atom in HCHO by a CH3 group. In contrast, when one H atom in HCHO is substituted with a halogen, the magnitude of blue-shifting of the Csp2-H...Z H-bond becomes smaller. The largest blue shift up to 92 cm-1 of Csp2-H stretching frequency in Csp2-H...O H-bond in CH3CHO...2H2O has rarely been observed and is much greater than that in the cases of the Csp2-H...S/Se/Te ones. The Csp2-H blue shift of Csp2-H...Z bonds in the halogenated aldehydes is converted into a red shift when H2O is replaced by a heavier analogue, such as H2S, H2Se, or H2Te. The stability and classification of nonconventional H-bonds including Csp2-H...Se/Te, Te-H...Te, and Se/Te-H...O have been established for the first time.
Journal: Journal of Physical Chemistry A
ISSN: 1089-5639
Issue: 48
Volume: 125
Pages: 10291 - 10302
Number of pages: 12
Publication year:2021