Terminal ileitis after kidney transplantation
Journal Contribution - Review Article
The finding of a terminal ileitis after kidney transplantation can cause a diagnostic challenge. Because the development of Crohn's disease under immunosuppressive therapy is unlikely, this diagnosis should only be considered after exclusion of infectious disease and drug-related intestinal toxicity. Defining the underlying cause of terminal ileitis is often hampered by a shortage of specific diagnostic tests or their lack of sensitivity. We present three patients with terminal ileitis after kidney transplantation resulting from different etiologies. Subsequently, we describe the characteristics that can help to make the differential diagnosis.