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Technological entry in new niches

Journal Contribution - e-publication

Subtitle:diversity, crowding and generalism
ABS TRACT Entry in new technological domains is essential for the long-term performance of firms. Therefore, it is important to understand the conditions that increase the likelihood that firms enter, and further explore, new technological domains. Some recent studies have started to unpack these issues by looking at the environmental conditions in a new technological domain that pull firms into it. In this paper, we complement these studies by looking at the environmental conditions in the firm's current technological domain that push firms into new domains. We do it from the perspective of technological ecology, by looking at how technological diversity and crowding in the firm's current technological niche, as well as firm's knowledge generalism, affect the likelihood that the firm enters, and further explores, new technological niches. To test our hypotheses, we rely on an empirical setting based on U.S. patents by 340 firms in the pharmaceutical industry. We propose a novel and advanced approach that, by leveraging a vast set of technological classifications, extracts technological niches from the patent system as they evolve over time.
Journal: Technovation
ISSN: 0166-4972
Volume: 116
Pages: 1 - 17
Publication year:2022
Keywords:A1 Journal article