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Systematic Psychometric Review of Self-Reported Instruments to Assess Patient Safety Culture in Primary Care
Journal Contribution - Review Article
Aims: To give an overview of empirical studies using self-reported instruments to assess patient safety culture in primary care and to synthesize psychometric properties of these instruments. Background: A key condition for improving patient safety is creating a supportive safety culture to identify weaknesses and to develop improvement strategies so recurrence of incidents can be minimized. However, most tools to measure and strengthen safety culture have been developed and tested in hospitals. Nevertheless, primary care is facing greater risks and a greater likelihood of causing unintentional harm to patients. Design: A systematic literature review of research evidence and psychometric properties of self-reported instruments to assess patient safety culture in primary care. Data Sources: Three databases until November 2016. Review Methods: The review was carried out according to the protocol for systematic reviews of measurement properties recommended by the COSMIN panel and the PRISMA reporting guidelines. Results: In total, 1.229 records were retrieved from multiple database searches (Medline = 865, Web of Science = 362 and Embase = 2). Resulting from an in-depth literature search, 14 published studies were identified, mostly originated from Western high-income countries. As these studies come with great diversity in tools used and outcomes reported, comparability of the results is compromised. Based on the psychometric review, the SCOPE-Primary Care survey was chosen as the most appropriate instrument to measure patient safety culture in primary care as the instrument had excellent internal consistency with Cronbach’s alphas ranging from 0.70-0.90 and item factor loadings ranging from 0.40-0.96, indicating a good structural validity. Conclusion: The findings of the present review suggest that the SCOPE-Primary Care survey is the most appropriate tool to assess patient safety culture in primary care. Further psychometric techniques are now essential to ensure that the instrument provides meaningful information regarding safety culture.
Journal: JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING
Pages: 539 - 549
Keywords:culture of safety, literature review, nurse, nursing, patient safety culture, primary Healthcare, psychometrics, safety climate, safety management, systematic review
Authors from:Higher Education