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Synthesis and structure-activity studies of novel anhydrohexitol- based Leucyl-tRNA synthetase inhibitors

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LeuRS) is a clinically validated target for the development of antimicrobials. This enzyme catalyzes the formation of charged tRNALeu molecules, an essential substrate for protein translation. In the first step of catalysis LeuRS activates leucine using ATP, forming a leucyl-adenylate intermediate. Bi-substrate inhibitors that mimic this chemically labile phosphoanhydride-linked nucleoside have proven to be potent inhibitors of different members of the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase family but, to date, they have demonstrated poor antibacterial activity. We synthesized a small series of 1,5-anhydrohexitol-based analogues coupled to a variety of triazoles and performed detailed structure-activity relationship studies with bacterial LeuRS. In an in vitro assay, Kiapp values in the nanomolar range were demonstrated. Inhibitory activity differences between the compounds revealed that the polarity and size of the triazole substituents affect binding. X-ray crystallographic studies of N. gonorrhoeae LeuRS in complex with all the inhibitors highlighted the crucial interactions defining their relative enzyme inhibitory activities. We further examined their in vitro antimicrobial properties by screening against several bacterial and yeast strains. While only weak antibacterial activity against M. tuberculosis was detected, the extensive structural data which were obtained could make these LeuRS inhibitors a suitable starting point towards further antibiotic development.
Journal: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
ISSN: 0223-5234
Volume: 211
Number of pages: 17
Publication year:2021
Keywords:Organic & medicinal chemistry