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The syntax of U+03B4U+03AD in post-classical documentary texts

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Subtitle:The syntax of U+03B4U+1F73 in post-classical Greek
U+0394U+1F73 is one of the most frequently attested particles in Ancient Greek. Re­cent studies, most of which focusing on the Classical period, have analyzed this particle as a U+201Cdiscourse markerU+201D, signaling thematic discontinuity between sentences. While there have been far fewer studies of Post-classical Greek, there seems to be little disagreement that the function of the particle remained essentially the same in later periods of Greek. The main aim of this article is to show that this point of view represents an overgeneralization. Based on a corpus of documentary texts (letters, petitions, and contracts in particular), I argue that U+03B4U+1F73 was syntactically extended, both in depth and in breadth: on the one hand, the particle comes to be used much more frequently to link clauses (main and subordinate), and even noun phrases; on the other hand, the particle is used not only to link a preposed subordinate clause to a main clause (U+201Capodotic U+03B4U+1F73U+201D), but also a postposed subordinate clause to a main clause. Given this syntactic extension, U+03B4U+1F73 no longer functions exclusively as a dis­course marker: it not only establishes U+201CtextualU+201D relations, but also U+201ClogicalU+201D ones. To conclude the article, I discuss a number of factors which may have contributed to U+03B4U+1F73U+2019s syntactic extension, focusing in particular on functional overlap with two other particles, U+03BAU+03B1U+1F77 and U+03C4U+03B5. The analysis is embedded in the Systemic Functional paradigm.
ISSN: 0014-200X
Issue: 1-4
Volume: 89
Pages: 5 - 50