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On the structural dynamics of laminated composite plates and sandwich structures; a new perspective on damping identification

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

This paper presents the modelling and the dynamic characterisation of laminated composite plates and sandwich structures in terms of stiffness and damping. The developments used in this paper are based on the analytical multilayer model of Guyader and Lesueur (JSV, 1978). The model considers linear shear, membrane and bending effects in each layer. The characteristics of the structure are determined by means of an equivalent thin plate methodology. The first main novelty of this paperconsists in adapting this methodology for laminated plates (orthotropic multilayers with arbitrary orthotropic angle per layer). An experimental validation of this adaptation is presented for a laminated composite plate. Concerning the modelling of the structural loss factor, a space domaindefinition based on the spatial attenuation of a plane wave is compared to an energetic method and an equivalent definition based on the thin plate theory. The results show that the equivalent definition overestimates the loss factor in high frequencies since the thin plate theory only considersthe flexural behaviour of the structure. On the contrary, the space domain definition (which give similar results as compared to the energetic one for lightly damped structures) considers the frequency dependent variation of the dynamic behaviour of the structure by means of the ratio between the group and phase velocities. The latter approach is considered to be more correct. The second main novelty of this article is on the experimental validation of this space domain definition. The structural loss factors of two sandwich structures are identified from measurements using modal, energetic and spatial methods. The results using the space domain definition are in very good agreement with the analytical predictions and the estimations of the modal and energetic methods for both plates for a large frequency band (up to 20 kHz), demonstrating the validity of the approach developed in this paper.
Journal: Journal of Sound and Vibration
ISSN: 0022-460X
Volume: 474
Number of pages: 20
Publication year:2020