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Streptomyces protein secretion and its application in biotechnology
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
Bacteria are of tremendous importance in the pharma- and bio-industry as producers of a broad range of economically interesting metabolites and proteins. Gram-positive bacteria are valuable hosts for the production of heterologous proteins for obvious reasons. Contrary to Gram-negative bacteria, Gram-positive bacteria release their secreted proteins immediately into the spent culture broth as they are not hindered by an outer membrane. Secretory protein production also avoids the formation of inclusion bodies, hence facilitating downstream processing. Eight protein secretion pathways have been described in Gram-positive bacteria, but solely the general secretion or Sec pathway and, to a lesser extent, the Twin-arginine pathway, are used for the recombinant protein production. This process is not always successful, but might be hampered by inefficient secretion, misfolding of the recombinant protein, its degradation by proteases and metabolic burden by the host hindering proper growth and diminishing product yield. In this review, the different protein export avenues will be briefly discussed, and the potential means to optimize protein secretion and yields for the Streptomyces lividans model presented. The proposed approaches are largely applicable for other Streptomyces host systems.
Journal: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Number of pages: 10