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Strategic knowledge development with regard to mineral raw materials: gathering insights on the import of mineral raw materials to Flanders

Book - Report

The Flemish industry uses various mineral raw materials. Part of this is filled in with primary minerals that are mined in Flanders, such as fine sand, building sand, quartz sand, gravel, clay and loam. Another part is filled in by alternatives such as recycled granulates from construction and demolition waste or excavated soil. A third, not insignificant part are imported mineral raw materials. This study focuses on the most important "imported mineral raw materials" in terms of quantities, namely building sand, clay, loam, gravel and stone chippings. For the period 2019 - 2025, the study attempts to answer the question of the extent to which these imported flows will or will not cover the need for them. A combined approach was used, combining information from the literature with a survey of the relevant stakeholders. For the three main groups of mineral raw materials (1) building sand, (2) clay and loam and (3) gravel and crushed stone, the need for imported raw materials was mapped. For this purpose, past trends were tested with the stakeholders involved. This shows that the sectors involved, which use building sand, gravel and crushed stone, assume a stable to slight increase in demand. The ceramic sector, which mainly uses clay and loam, assumes a growth scenario and an increase in demand. Based on information on primary mineral extraction and the policy pursued in the regions and countries from which Flanders imports mineral raw materials, an estimate has been made of how the supply will evolve in the coming years. In doing so, the best possible overview was made of the factors that may influence the extraction on the one hand and the import of these mineral raw materials on the other. For each region or country an analysis has been made for the above-mentioned mineral raw materials.
Number of pages: 124
Publication year:2019