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Stable prevalence of triazole-resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus complex clinical isolates in a Belgian tertiary care center from 2016 to 2020

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

BACKGROUND: Prevalence reports of triazole-resistance in Aspergillus fumigatus differ between countries and centers and may likewise vary over time. Continuous local surveillance programs to establish the evolving epidemiology of triazole-resistance in A. fumigatus are crucial to guide therapeutic recommendations. Here, we determined the prevalence of triazole-resistance in A. fumigatus complex culture-positive patients at the tertiary care center University Hospitals Leuven in Belgium in clinical isolates from 2016 to 2020. METHODS: All A. fumigatus complex isolates cultured from UZ Leuven patients between 2016 and 2020 were screened for triazole-resistance. Confirmation of resistance to voriconazole, posaconazole and itraconazole was performed with the European Committee for Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) broth microdilution method. Mutations in the cyp51A gene in triazole-resistant isolates were determined by sequencing. Patients were classified as susceptible or resistant cases based on their isolate's susceptibility phenotype. RESULTS: We screened 2494 A. fumigatus complex isolates from 1600 patients (320 ± 38 [SD] patients per year). The prevalence of triazole-resistance in patients was 8.3% (28/337), 6.7% (26/386), 7.0% (21/301), 7.1% (21/294) and 7.4% (21/282) in 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 and 2020 respectively, with an overall triazole-resistance prevalence of 7.1% (85/1192; 95% CI 6.6-7.7%). The TR34/L98H mutation was the most prevalent (83.0%, 78/94) with most isolates displaying resistance to all triazole antifungals tested (94.8%, 74/78). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of triazole-resistance in A. fumigatus has remained stable from 2016 to 2020 in our center ranging between 6.7 and 8.3%, with an overall five-year prevalence of 7.1%. The environmentally associated cyp51A gene mutations were most prevalent amongst triazole-resistant isolates and conferred resistance to all antifungals tested in 73% of the isolates.
Journal: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy
ISSN: 1341-321X
Issue: 12
Volume: 27
Pages: 1774 - 1778
Number of pages: 5
Publication year:2021
Keywords:Paramedicine, Pharmacology & toxicology