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Size, shape, and compositional effects on the order–disorder phase transitions in Au–Cu and Pt–M (M = Fe, Co, and Ni) nanocluster alloys

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Au–Cu and Pt–M (M = Fe, Co, and Ni) nanocluster alloys are currently being investigated world-wide by many researchers for their interesting catalytic and nanophase properties. The low temperature behavior of the phase diagrams is not well understood for alloys with nanometer sizes and shapes. We consider two models for low temperature ordering in the phase diagrams of Au–Cu and Pt–M nanocluster alloys. These models are valid for sizes ~5 nm and approach bulk values for sizes ~20 nm. We study the phase transitions in nanoclusters with cubic, octahedral, and cuboctahedral shapes, covering the compositions of interest. These models are based on studying the melting temperatures in nanoclusters using the regular solution, mixing model for alloys. From our data, experiments on nanocubes about 5 nm in size, of stoichiometric AuCu and PtM composition, could help differentiate between the models. Dispersion data shows that for the three shapes considered, octahedra have the highest percentage of surface atoms for the same relative diameter. We summarize the effects of structural ordering on the catalytic activity and suggest a method to avoid sintering during annealing of Pt–M alloys
Journal: Nanotechnology
ISSN: 0957-4484
Issue: 34
Volume: 29
Number of pages: 14
Publication year:2018
Keywords:Materials science, General & traditional engineering, Applied physics