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Short-Lived Isotopes of Transfermium Elements: Studying Characteristics of Spontaneous Fissioning

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

© 2018, Allerton Press, Inc. series of experiments performed in 2014–2015 using the SHELS separator and a beam of multicharged ions from the U-400 accelerator at the Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) in Dubna is described. In preparation for a large program of experiments with a beam of highly charged ions of 50Ti, an experiment is performed to study the spontaneous fissioning (SF) of short-lived neutron-deficient isotope 256Rf formed in complete fusion reaction50Ti + 208Pb = 256Rf + 2n. The half-life of 256Rf is measured along with the probability of its SF decay. The average number of neutrons per one event of 256Rf SF (v¯ = 4.47 ± 0.09) is obtained for the first time. The results from experiments to study the SF of short-lived neutron-deficient isotopes synthesized in complete fusion reaction 48Ca + 204Pb → 252No* are presented as well. Two short-lived activities attributed to the SF of the ground and isomeric states of 250No are revealed. The half-life, total kinetic energies of fission fragments, and neutron multiplicities are measured for the obtained short-lived nuclei. The average numbers of neutrons per one SF event are v¯ = 4.38 ± 0.13 and v¯ = 3.90 ± 0.20, respectively, for SF activity with t1/2 = 5.1 ± 0.3 and t1/2 = 36 ± 3 μs.
Journal: Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics
ISSN: 1062-8738
Issue: 6
Volume: 82
Pages: 632 - 636
Publication year:2018