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Selinexor, Bortezomib and Dexamethasone: An Effective Salvage Regimen for Heavily Pretreated Myeloma Patients

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Purpose: Multiple myeloma (MM) patients with triple- and penta-refractory disease have a poor survival and limited treatment options. Selinexor, in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone, demonstrated clinical activity in the STOMP study as well as in the BOSTON study in previously treated patients with disease refractory to a proteasome inhibitor (PI). Patients and Methods: Here, we report a real-world case series of 7 heavily pretreated MM patients who had been extensively pretreated with bortezomib and had disease refractory to PIs, including carfilzomib; who were administered a starting dose of 100 mg of selinexor, 20-40 mg dexamethasone and 1.3 mg/m2 of bortezomib, each once weekly. The majority of these patients (6 patients, 86.0%) had penta-refractory disease, with 5 patients (71.4%) having disease refractory to bortezomib and carfilzomib, and all 7 patients having pomalidomide refractory disease. The median number of prior lines of therapy was 8 (range 4-12). Results: The seven patients in this case series received selinexor for a median of 5 cycles (range 1-10). Four patients (57.1%) had a dose reduction of selinexor. Five patients (71.4%) had a response, of which 2 (29.0%) had a very good partial response (VGPR) and 3 (43.0%) had a partial response (PR). One patient (14.3%) had stable disease (SD) and 1 (14.3%) had progressive disease (PD). There were no new safety signals. Conclusion: The selinexor, bortezomib, and dexamethasone triplet combination demonstrates activity in PI-resistant MM and patients with heavily pretreated MM with refractory disease and after multiple lines of therapy.
Journal: OncoTargets and Therapy
ISSN: 1178-6930
Volume: 15
Pages: 243 - 250
Number of pages: 8
Publication year:2022
Accessibility:Open