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Post Training Uncertainty Calibration Of Deep Networks For Medical Image Segmentation
Book Contribution - Book Chapter Conference Contribution
Neural networks for automated image segmentation are typically trained to achieve maximum accuracy, while less attention has been given to the calibration of their confidence scores. However, well-calibrated confidence scores provide valuable information towards the user. We investigate several post hoc calibration methods that are straightforward to implement, some of which are novel. They are compared to Monte Carlo (MC) dropout and are applied to neural networks trained with cross-entropy (CE) and soft Dice (SD) losses on BraTS 2018 and ISLES 2018. Surprisingly, models trained on SD loss are not necessarily less calibrated than those trained on CE loss. In all cases, at least one post hoc method improves the calibration. There is limited consistency across the results, so we can't conclude on one method being superior. In all cases, post hoc calibration is competitive with MC dropout. Although average calibration improves compared to the base model, subject-level variance of the calibration remains similar.
Book: 2021 IEEE 18TH INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON BIOMEDICAL IMAGING (ISBI)
Pages: 1052 - 1056
Keywords:uncertainty estimation, confidence calibration, deep learning, Medical image segmentation