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Population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic model-based exploration of alternative ustekinumab dosage regimens for patients with Crohn's disease

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

AIMS: In the UNITI endoscopy sub-study, only 17.4% of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) on ustekinumab achieved endoscopic response and 10.9% of patients achieved endoscopic remission at week (w)44. We aimed to evaluate the impact of alternative ustekinumab dosage regimens on endoscopic outcomes based on population pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (popPK-PD) modelling and simulation analysis. METHODS: Real-world data were obtained from 83 patients with moderate-to-severe CD (95% biological-refractory) enrolled in a prospective cohort study receiving intravenous ustekinumab (~6 mg/kg) followed by every eight-week (q8w) subcutaneous maintenance therapy (90 mg). Three sequential models were developed: a two-compartment popPK model linking ustekinumab dose to ustekinumab exposure, an indirect response popPK-PD model describing the effect of ustekinumab exposure on fecal calprotectin (fCal), and a logistic regression outcome model linking fCal to endoscopic outcomes. RESULTS: Ustekinumab clearance increased with decreasing serum albumin and increasing bodyweight. fCal decreased with increasing ustekinumab exposure. The probability of endoscopic response at w24 increased from 10.0% to 17.9% with fCal at w8 decreasing from 1800 μg/g to 694 μg/g (EC50 ). The probability of endoscopic remission at w24 increased from 2.1% to 10.0% with fCal at w8 decreasing from 1800 μg/g to 214 μg/g (EC50 ). Simulation-based comparison of q8w and q4w maintenance dosing regimens predicted 16.7% and 22.2% endoscopic response rates, respectively. Endoscopic remission rates were estimated to be 4.2% on q8w dosing and 6.7% on q4w dosing. CONCLUSIONS: The developed models can guide clinical trial design and support model-informed dose optimization (stratified or individualized dosing) to improve endoscopic outcomes.
Journal: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
ISSN: 0306-5251
Issue: 1
Volume: 88
Pages: 323 - 335
Number of pages: 13
Publication year:2021