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Phase-field study of IMC growth in Sn-Cu/Cu solder joints including elastoplastic effects

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

In this article, we aim to study the problem of the growth of intermetallic phases in solder joints undergoing mechanical deformation, using a phase-field model for multi-phase systems that can treat diffusion, elastic and plastic deformation. A suitable model is formulated and applied to Sn--Cu/Cu lead-free solder joints. The growth of the intermetallic layers during solid-state annealing is simulated for different strain states. We assess the values of stiffness tensors available in literature and perform \textit{ab initio} calculations to support the selection of reasonable values from literature. We also perform a parametric study with different eigenstrain values and applied strains. We find that there is a significant effect of the considered eigenstrains and applied strains on the growth kinetics of the system and parabolic growth kinetics is followed in cases where the intermetallic layers grow. We thereby establish the importance of strain in the growth of intermetallic layers and the need for more targeted experiments on the role of strain in the reliability of the solder joint.
Journal: Acta Materialia
ISSN: 1359-6454
Volume: 188
Pages: 241 - 258
Publication year:2020
Keywords:Materials science