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Optimizing liquefaction and decontamination of sputum for DNA extraction from Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Journal Contribution - e-publication

Whole genome sequencing (WGS) can investigate the entire Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) genome but currently requires large amounts of mycobacterial DNA, necessitating culture. Culture-free Mtb WGS could revolutionize the clinical use of WGS but is hampered by the high viscosity, low mycobacterial load, and high contamination with bacterial and human DNA in sputum samples. To improve the sputum liquefaction and decontamination step prior to DNA extraction, we assessed the efficiency of Myco-TB, MycoPrep, and Sputolysin with/without TiKa-Kic in liquefying and decontaminating sputum and aimed to evaluate the effect of these approaches on mycobacterial viability, and Mtb DNA quality and quantity. Experiments using spiked sputum samples showed that Myco-TB and BD MycoPrep with standard (15 min) or increased (30 min) incubation time, but not reduced (7,5 min) incubation time performed well in liquefying and decontaminating sputum. No difference in DNA quality or quantity, contamination, or the amount of human DNA present was observed. In comparison, Sputolysin with/without TiKa-Kic was less effective for liquefaction and decontamination of sputum. PCR amplification of the human GAPDH gene after sputum treatment, showed the presence of human DNA in all samples, regardless of sputum treatment. Focused efforts are needed to deplete contaminating DNA for culture-free Mtb WGS
Journal: Tuberculosis
ISSN: 1472-9792
Volume: 132
Publication year:2022
Keywords:A1 Journal article