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Novel quantitative assay to describe in vitro bovine mastitis bacterial pathogen inhibition by non-aureus staphylococci

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

In this paper, we describe a new quantitative method to evaluate and quantify in vitro growth inhibition of mastitis-related bacteria. Colony-forming units of Staphylococcus (S.) aureus (n = 10), Escherichia (E.) coli (n = 10), and Streptococcus (S.) uberis (n = 10) were quantified after their growth on top of layers of trypticase soy agar (TSA) containing six different concentrations (varying from 10(2) to 10(7) CFU/mL) of bovine non-aureus staphylococci (NAS), i.e., S. chromogenes (n = 3) and S. simulans (n = 3) isolates. Growth inhibition of the mastitis-related major bacterial pathogens, including E. coli, was confirmed by all NAS, an effect that varied highly among NAS isolates and was not evident from the semiquantitative method with which the new method was compared. By subsequent application of the new method on a larger set of 14 bovine NAS isolates, we observed that S. simulans and NAS originating from teat apices (especially S. epidermidis) required lower concentrations to inhibit both methicillin-sensitive (MSSA) (n = 5) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates (n = 5) originating from milk. Therefore, the new assay is a promising tool to precisely quantify the intra- and inter-species differences in growth inhibition between NAS.
ISSN: 2076-0817
Issue: 2
Volume: 11
Publication year:2022