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Non destructive archaeological diagnostics in the suburbium of a Roman town

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Ammaia is a deserted Roman town located in the region of Alto Alentejo, in Portugal, included in the ancientprovince of Lusitania. In recent years, a series of non-destructive archaeological diagnostics have been carriedout in the framework of the European Union (EU) funded project Radio-Past, in the supposed intra-mural area ofthe ancient town and its immediate surroundings. As part of a validation procedure of innovative integratedarchaeological survey methods, U+2018total coverageU+2019 geophysical prospections have been performed inside the Romantown, testing integration between several non-destructive archeological methods. Each methodology is constrainedby specific limits, mainly related to geomorphological and geological assets, soil matrix, environmentalconditions and pollutions, producing inaccuracies in the results of the archaeological interpretation. For thesereasons, the scientific community is increasingly seeking technological solutions that make use of the integrationof data acquired with multiple non-destructive techniques. In this paper, we will present the results achievedthanks to the integration of some of these approaches for the investigation of a selected suburban area ofAmmaia. The novelty of the followed approach lies in the diversification and integration of the applied methodologies,and in the complexity of the scientific questionnaire, not focused only on mapping, but rather on theunderstanding of the spatial phenomena. The interpretation of the magnetic surveys and surface artefact collectionare discussed with respect to the main results and to data-integration strategies. The historical interpretationof these data will reveal a highly detailed plan of the layout, most important monuments and infrastructuresof the town, and will disclose crucial aspects of a humanized landscape of Roman times.
ISSN: 0263-2241
Volume: 127
Pages: 325 - 334
Publication year:2018