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No evidence of improved efficacy of covered stents over uncovered stents in percutaneous palliation of malignant hilar biliary obstruction : results of a prospective randomized trial

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Objective To investigate whether covered stents show a higher efficacy than uncovered stents in percutaneous treatment of malignant hilar biliary obstruction. Methods Patients with obstructive jaundice caused by an unresectable hilar malignancy were included after failed endoscopic intervention in a prospective randomized trial comparing expanded polytetrafluoroethylene and fluorinated ethylene propylene (ePTFE-FEP)-covered nitinol stents with uncovered nitinol stents. Exclusion criteria were as follows: primary tumors existing more than 3 months, a biliodigestive anastomosis, previous stenting, and a Karnofsky score of less than 50. Safety, clinical success, and adjuvant chemotherapy were compared as well as occlusion rate, patency, and survival. Results A total of 120 patients were included. One patient was post hoc excluded. Fourteen patients who died within 7 days and one patient without patency data were excluded from patency analysis. Serious adverse events (p = 0.4), 30-day mortality (p = 0.5), and clinical success (p = 0.8) were equivalent for both stent groups. Twenty-one out of 61 (34%) patients in the covered and 24/58 (41%) in the uncovered stent groups received adjuvant chemotherapy (p = 0.5). Occlusion rate was 54% (27/50) in the covered stent group and 57% (31/54) in the uncovered stent group (p = 0.8). Median patency was 229 days (95% CI 113-345) for covered stents and 130 days (95% CI 75-185) for uncovered stents (p = 0.1). Median survival in patients with covered stents was 79 days (95% CI 52-106) and with uncovered stents 92 days (95% CI 60-124) (p = 0.3). Conclusion In malignant hilar biliary obstruction, there is no evidence that ePTFE-FEP-covered stents are superior to uncovered stents in terms of safety, clinical success, adjuvant chemotherapy, patency, or survival.
ISSN: 1432-1084
Issue: 1
Volume: 30
Pages: 175 - 185
Publication year:2020