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New Metal-Free Route towards Imidazole-Substituted Uridine

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Nucleosides with a bi(hetero)aryl nucleobase have unique potential applications as antiviral drugs and molecular probes. The need for transition metal catalysis to synthetize these nucleosides from pre-functionalized building blocks and the use of nucleobase protection groups results in expensive and tedious syntheses. Herein we report that 5-imidazolyl-uracil can be obtained by scalable Van Leusen imidazole synthesis and regioselectively introduced on ribose to obtain the desired nucleoside in a 5 step synthesis (total yield 55%). The 5-imidazolyl moiety leads to improved fluorescence properties. The only side-product formed was characterized by 2D-NMR and X-ray crystallography and could be suppressed during synthesis in favor of the desired product.
Journal: European Journal of Organic Chemistry
ISSN: 1434-193X
Issue: 26
Volume: 2020
Pages: 4022 - 4025
Number of pages: 4
Publication year:2020