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Motion corrected fetal body magnetic resonance imaging provides reliable 3D lung volumes in normal and abnormal fetuses

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: To calculate 3D-segmented total lung volume (TLV) in fetuses with thoracic anomalies using deformable slice-to-volume registration (DSVR) with comparison to 2D-manual segmentation. To establish a normogram of TLV calculated by DSVR in healthy control fetuses. METHODS: A pilot study at a single regional fetal medicine referral centre included 16 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) datasets of fetuses (22-32 weeks gestational age). Diagnosis was CDH (n = 6), CPAM (n = 2), and healthy controls (n = 8). Deformable slice-to-volume registration was used for reconstruction of 3D isotropic (0.85 mm) volumes of the fetal body followed by semi-automated lung segmentation. 3D TLV were compared to traditional 2D-based volumetry. Abnormal cases referenced to a normogram produced from 100 normal fetuses whose TLV was calculated by DSVR only. RESULTS: Deformable slice-to-volume registration-derived TLV values have high correlation with the 2D-based measurements but with a consistently lower volume; bias -1.44 cm3 [95% limits: -2.6 to -0.3] with improved resolution to exclude hilar structures even in cases of motion corruption or very low lung volumes. CONCLUSIONS: Deformable slice-to-volume registration for fetal lung MRI aids analysis of motion corrupted scans and does not suffer from the interpolation error inherent to 2D-segmentation. It increases information content of acquired data in terms of visualising organs in 3D space and quantification of volumes, which may improve counselling and surgical planning.
Journal: Prenatal Diagnosis
ISSN: 0197-3851
Issue: 5
Volume: 42
Pages: 628 - 635
Number of pages: 8
Publication year:2022
Accessibility:Open