< Back to previous page


Microstructural Features, Defects, and Corrosion Behaviour of 316L Stainless Steel Clads Deposited on Wrought Material by Powder- and Laser-Based Direct Energy Deposition with Relevance to Repair Applications

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

This work analyses the microstructural defects and the corrosion behaviour of 316L stainless steel clads deposited by laser metal deposition on wrought conventional material, which is a highly relevant system for repair applications. The different defects and microstructural features found in these systems were identified and analysed from a perspective relevant to the corrosion performance of these materials. The role of these features and defects on the corrosion process was evaluated by exposure of the samples to corrosive media and further examination of the corrosion morphology. The heat-affected zone, located on the wrought base material in close vicinity of the deposited clad, was identified to be the primary contributor to the corrosion activity of the system due to the large depletion of alloying elements in this region, which significantly decreased its pitting resistance. Alongside the heat-affected zones, relatively small (<30 µm in diameter) partially un-melted powder particles scattered across the surface of the clad were systematically identified as corrosion initiation spots, possibly due to their relatively high surface energy and therefore high reactivity compared to larger powder particles. This work highlights the need for more investigations on as-built surfaces of additively manufactured parts to better explore/understand the performance of the materials closer to their final applications. It demonstrates that the surface defects resulting from the additive manufacturing process, rather than the presence of the refined sub-granular cellular structure (as highlighted in previous works), play the predominant role in the corrosion behaviour of the system.
Journal: Materials
ISSN: 1996-1944
Issue: 20
Volume: 15
Publication year:2022