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Micro RNA in Semen/Urine from Non-Obstructive Azoospermia Patients as Biomarkers to Predict the Presence of Testicular Spermatozoa and Spermatogonia

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

About half of testicular sperm extraction (TESE) procedures in men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA), including men with Klinefelter syndrome (KS), are unsuccessful. To avoid unnecessary invasive surgery, biomarkers for spermatozoa were studied. In addition, markers for spermatogonia in testis tissue were explored. This study aimed to find biomarkers in the semen and/or urine of NOA patients to predict the presence of spermatogonia in the testis. Differentially expressed miRNAs were identified (1) between samples from patients with and without a positive TESE procedure as well as (2) between TESE-negative patients with and without spermatogonia. A total of thirteen upregulated miRNAs (ten in seminal plasma and three in urine) were found in the TESE-negative/spermatogonia-positive group compared to the TESE-negative/spermatogonia-negative group. These miRNAs could be potential biomarkers for spermatogonia; however, more research is necessary to validate their predictive power.
Journal: Life
ISSN: 2075-1729
Issue: 3
Volume: 13
Publication year:2023