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Metal droplet entrainment by solid particles in slags: an experimental approach
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
This study investigates the origin of the attachment of metal droplets to solid spinel particles in liquid slags. Previous research hinted a reactive origin: the spinel particles form by a chemical reaction together with a new droplet or alongside a droplet that was already present in the system. In this study, a smelting experiment was used to investigate this hypothesis. For such a mechanism study, a simple chemical system was used to avoid complex reactions. However, performing smelting experiments in simple slag systems requires an adaptation of the previously developed experimental methodology, resulting in a new ‘partial melting’ methodology. During the experiment, the atmosphere of the system was first set as oxidative, to dissolve the metallic copper in the slag and then a reductive atmosphere was used to actuate the reaction. Moreover, Ag was added to the metallic phase to act as a tracer element. The results show that the amount and size of copper droplets increase during the experiment. The fact that silver is present in the attached copper droplets in a smaller concentration than the master alloy in this study indicates that the origin of the attachment is not purely dispersive and either a purely reactive or a dispersion-reaction combination is possible, which confirms the hypothesis.
Journal: Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy
Pages: 15 - 32