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Magma transport and storage at Mt. Etna (Italy): A review of geodetic and petrological data for the 2002-03, 2004 and 2006 eruptions

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. A detailed reconstruction of magma movements within the plumbing system of Mt. Etna volcano has been made by reviewing the eruptions occurring during the October 2002–December 2006 period. The availability of continuous GPS data allowed detecting at least ten different ground deformation stages, highlighting deflationary and inflationary episodes as well as the occurrence of a shallow dike intrusion. These data have been coupled with the available petrological datasets including major/trace elements and Sr-Nd-Pb isotope compositions for the volcanic rocks erupted in the 2002–2006 period. We identified two main magmatic reservoirs located at different depths along the plumbing system of the volcano. The former is located at a depth of ~ 7 km bsl and fed the 2001 and 2002–03 eruptions, while the latter, located from 3.5 to 5.5 km bsl, fed the 2004–05 and 2006 eruptions. Petrological characteristics of emitted products have been correlated with the inflation vs. deflation cycles related to the identified sources, providing evidence for changes through time of the evolutionary degree of the erupted magmas along with variations in their geochemical feature. Finally, we suggest that a modification of the deep plumbing system of the volcano might have occurred during the 2002–03 eruption, as a consequence of the major seaward motion of the eastern flank of the volcano.
Journal: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
ISSN: 0377-0273
Volume: 347
Pages: 149 - 164
Publication year:2017