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Lattice location of Mg in GaN: a fresh look at doping limitations

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Radioactive ^{27}Mg (t_{1/2}=9.5  min) was implanted into GaN of different doping types at CERN's ISOLDE facility and its lattice site determined via β^{-} emission channeling. Following implantations between room temperature and 800 °C, the majority of ^{27}Mg occupies the substitutional Ga sites; however, below 350 °C significant fractions were also found on interstitial positions ∼0.6  Å from ideal octahedral sites. The interstitial fraction of Mg was correlated with the GaN doping character, being highest (up to 31%) in samples doped p type with 2×10^{19}  cm^{-3} stable Mg during epilayer growth, and lowest in Si-doped n-GaN, thus giving direct evidence for the amphoteric character of Mg. Implanting above 350 °C converts interstitial ^{27}Mg to substitutional Ga sites, which allows estimating the activation energy for migration of interstitial Mg as between 1.3 and 2.0 eV.
Journal: Physical Review Letters
ISSN: 0031-9007
Issue: 9
Volume: 118
Pages: 1 - 6
Publication year:2017
Keywords:Multidisciplinary physics