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Lack of detectable neoantigen depletion signals in the untreated cancer genome

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Somatic mutations can result in the formation of neoantigens, immunogenic peptides that are presented on the tumor cell surface by HLA molecules. These mutations are expected to be under negative selection pressure, but the extent of the resulting neoantigen depletion remains unclear. On the basis of HLA affinity predictions, we annotated the human genome for its translatability to HLA binding peptides and screened for reduced single nucleotide substitution rates in large genomic data sets from untreated cancers. Apparent neoantigen depletion signals become negligible when taking into consideration trinucleotide-based mutational signatures, owing to lack of power or to efficient immune evasion mechanisms that are active early during tumor evolution.
Journal: Nature Genetics
ISSN: 1061-4036
Issue: 12
Volume: 51
Pages: 1741 - 1748
Publication year:2019