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On the Interaction between PEDOT:PSS Dispersions and Aluminium Electrodes for Solid State Electrolytic Capacitors

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

The use of conductive polymers in aluminium electrolytic capacitors prevents leakage and enlarges the temperature use range when compared with their liquid counterparts. PEDOT:PSS is an outstanding candidate due to its tunable properties, i.e. electronic conductivity (10e-5} to 10e3 S/cm), and its high thermal stability. As a result of their synthesis, PEDOT:PSS dispersions are characterized by a low pH value, which can influence pH sensitive materials such as aluminium. However, no work to date has studied the interaction between PEDOT:PSS dispersions and aluminium oxide substrates. In this work, the interface and interaction between PEDOT:PSS and an aluminium electrode were studied for the first time via odd random phase electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and analysed post-mortem by SEM and AFM characterization. PEDOT:PSS dispersions at different pH values (1.9, 4.9, 5.8) were applied in a layered manner onto a non-etched aluminium substrate with a grown oxide layer on top, which provided a model system for the analysis of the interface. The analysis showed that the acidic PEDOT:PSS dispersions attacked the aluminium substrate forming pores on the surface, but had a positive impact on the capacitance of the aluminium oxide/PEDOT:PSS systems. On the other hand, neutral dispersions did not affect the aluminium electrode, but showed poor layer formation properties and the electrochemical analysis displayed a dispersion of results ranging from capacitive to resistive behaviour.
Journal: Inorganics
Issue: 4
Volume: 12
Publication year:2024
Keywords:PEDOT:PSS, Energy storage devices, Solid state, Capacitance, Surface analysis, Impedance spectroscopy
  • WoS Id: 001211319100001
  • ORCID: /0000-0002-6899-1301/work/157247886
  • ORCID: /0000-0002-9966-4493/work/157248789
  • ORCID: /0000-0003-4188-8782/work/157251539
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/inorganics12040104
  • Scopus Id: 85191320056