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Influence of the aliphatic side chain on the near atmospheric pressure plasma polymerization of 2-alkyl-2-oxazolines for biomedical applications
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
Plasma polymerization is gaining popularity as a technique for coating surfaces due to the low cost, ease of operation, and substrate-independent nature. Recently, the plasma polymerization (or deposition) of 2-oxazoline monomers was reported resulting in coatings that have potential applications in regenerative medicine. Despite the structural versatility of 2-oxazolines, only a few monomers have been subjected to plasma polymerization. Within this study, however, we explore the near atmospheric pressure plasma polymerization of a range of 2-oxazoline monomers, focusing on the influence of the aliphatic side-chain length (methyl to butyl) on the plasma polymerization process conditions as well as the properties of the obtained coatings. While side-chain length had only a minor influence on the chemical composition, clear effects on the plasma polymerization conditions were observed, thus gaining valuable insights in the plasma polymerization process as a function of monomer structure. Additionally, cytocompatibility and cell attachment on the coatings obtained by 2-oxazoline plasma polymerization was assessed. The coatings displayed strong cell interactive properties, whereby cytocompatibility increased with increasing aliphatic side-chain length of the monomer, reaching up to 93% cell viability after 1 day of cell culture compared to tissue culture plates. As this is in stark contrast to the antifouling behavior of the parent polymers, we compared the properties and composition of the plasma-polymerized coatings to the parent polymers revealing that a significantly different coating structure was obtained by plasma polymerization.
Journal: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Pages: 31356 - 31366