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Improvement of a new acoustic emission analysis technique to determine the activated carbon saturation level: A comparative study

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

A new Acoustic Emission Analysis (AEA) method has been successfully applied to quantify the exhaustion degree in an industrial granular activated carbon (GAC) filter for water treatment in different industrial processes. Five samples of GAC obtained at different depths of the target industrial filter have been evaluated. For the first time the analysis of the acoustic energy and the signal power was applied, besides the processing of signal its frequency, amplitude and integral area under the signal envelope curve. The envelope and energy of the acoustic signal were mathematically processed using Gilbert and Parseval theorems. Additionally, image segmentation techniques are applied to analyze spectrograms in order to determine the exhaustion level of the GAC samples. Acoustic emission results are discussed in terms of CaCO3 adsorption mechanisms in the water filter and correlated with dedicated analytical methods such as TGA, SEM, FTIR, XRF and N-2 gas adsorption. The implementation of AEA in engine power plants in Cuba constitutes an interesting approach to implement an improved strategy of GAC management in water treatment industries.
Journal: Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
ISSN: 2213-2929
Issue: 2
Volume: 8
Number of pages: 17
Publication year:2020
Keywords:Activated carbon