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Improved survival after LTx-associated acute GVHD with mAb therapy targeting IL2RAb and soluble TNFAb: Single-center experience and systematic review

Journal Contribution - Review Article

Acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after liver transplant (LTx) is a rare complication with a high mortality rate. Recently, monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment, specifically with anti-interleukin 2 receptor antibodies (IL2RAb) and anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibodies (TNFAb), has gained increasing interest. However, evidence is mostly limited to case reports and the efficacy remains unclear. Here, we describe 5 patients with LTx-associated GVHD from our center and provide the results of our systematic literature review to evaluate the potential therapeutic benefit of IL2RAb/TNFAb treatment. Of the combined population of 155 patients (5 in our center and 150 through systematic search), 24 were given mAb (15.5%)-4 with TNFAb (2.6%) and 17 with IL2RAb (11%) ("mAb group")-and compared with patients who received other treatments (referred to as "no-mAb group"). Two-sided Fisher exact tests revealed a better survival when comparing treatment with mAb versus no-mAb (11/24 vs 27/131; P = .018), TNFAb versus no-mAb (3/4 vs 27/131; P = .034), and IL2RAb versus no-mAb (8/17 vs 27/131; P = .029). This systematic review suggests a beneficial effect of mAb treatment and a promising role for TNFAb and IL2RAb as a first-line strategy to treat LTx-associated acute GVHD.
Journal: American Journal of Transplantation
ISSN: 1600-6135
Issue: 12
Volume: 18
Pages: 3007 - 3020
Number of pages: 14
Publication year:2018
Keywords:clinical research/practice, complication, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), liver transplantation/hepatology