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Hydration of Wheat Flour Water-Unextractable Cell Wall Material Enables Structural Analysis of Its Arabinoxylan by High-Resolution Solid-State C-13 MAS NMR Spectroscopy

Journal Contribution - e-publication

To enable its structural characterization by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, the native structure of cereal water-unextractable arabinoxylan (WU-AX) is typically disrupted by alkali or enzymatic treatments. Here, WU-AX in the wheat flour unextractable cell wall material (UCWM) containing 40.9% ± 1.5 arabinoxylan with an arabinose-to-xylose ratio of 0.62 ± 0.04 was characterized by high-resolution solid-state NMR without disrupting its native structure. Hydration of the UCWM (1.7 mg H2O/mg UCWM) in combination with specific optimizations in the NMR methodology enabled analysis by solid-state 13C NMR with magic angle spinning and 1H high-power decoupling (13C HPDEC MAS NMR) which provided sufficiently high resolution to allow for carbon atom assignments. Spectral resonances of C-1 from arabinose and xylose residues of WU-AX were here assigned to the solid state. The proportions of un-, mono-, and di-substituted xyloses were 59.2, 19.5, and 21.2%, respectively. 13C HPDEC MAS NMR showed the presence of solid-state fractions with different mobilities in the UCWM. This study presents the first solid-state NMR spectrum of wheat WU-AX with sufficient resolution to enable assignment without prior WU-AX solubilization.
Journal: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
ISSN: 0021-8561
Issue: 34
Volume: 70
Pages: 10604 - 10610
Publication year:2022
Accessibility:Open