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Hunting of mammal species in Protected Areas of the Southern Bahian Atlantic Forest, Brazil
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
This study aimed to inform the National Action Plan for Conservation of the Central Atlantic Forest Mammals, by investigating how rural people are using wildlife in protected areas in southern Bahia, with a focus on threatened mammals. We conducted 351 interviews with rural residents living in three protected areas and a buffer zone. Thirty seven percent of respondents stated that they had captured an animal opportunistically, 16% hunted actively and 47% did not hunt. The major motivation for hunting was consumption, but people also hunted for medicinal purposes, recreation and retaliation. The most hunted and consumed species were paca Cuniculus paca, nine-banded armadillo Dasypus novemcinctus and collared peccary Pecari tajacu; threatened species were rarely hunted. Opinions were mixed on whether wildlife was declining or increasing; declines were generally attributed to hunting. Our study suggests there is illegal hunting for home consumption in and around protected areas of the region. Management efforts should prioritize fairness in the expropriation process for people who must be relocated, and take an approach to wildlife management that involves residents living around the protected areas and considers their needs.
Keywords:Pure & applied ecology