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hsp65 PCR-restriction analysis (PRA) with capillary electrophoresis for species identification and differentiation of Mycobacterium kansasii and Mycobacterium chelonae-Mycobacterium abscessus group

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to identify and differentiate Mycobacterium kansasii and Mycobacterium chelonae-Mycobacterium abscessus group strains isolated from clinical and environmental sources in different countries. METHODS: PCR-restriction analysis of the hsp65 gene (PRA) with automated capillary electrophoresis was applied to the isolates previously identified by conventional biochemical testing and the molecular INNO-LiPA MYCOBACTERIA assay. RESULTS: PRA performed very well in comparison with the two other methods (96.4% concordance). Among 27M. kansasii isolates, this method detected five genetic types, of which type 1 represented the most common clinical isolate, as it is worldwide. PRA differentiated 29M. chelonae-M. abscessus group isolates into Mycobacterium immunogenum type 2 (n=13), M. chelonae (n=12), and M. abscessus types 1 (n=1) and 2 (n=1). M. immunogenum was the most frequent (69%) isolate from humans, but only one of 11 cases was clinically significant. M. chelonae was the most commonly (83%) recovered from water. PRA also identified two isolates with hsp65 alleles representing previously unreported patterns. CONCLUSIONS: PRA based on automated capillary electrophoresis is a rapid, simple, and reliable method for the identification and differentiation of both clinically relevant and environmental isolates of M. kansasii and M. chelonae-M. abscessus group.
Journal: International Journal of Infectious Diseases
ISSN: 1201-9712
Issue: 3
Volume: 16
Pages: e193-e197
Publication year:2012
Keywords:Bacterial diseases, Tuberculosis, Leprosy, Mycobacterium kansasii, Mycobacterium chelonae, Mycobacterium abscessus, Molecular diagnostic techniques, Species, Identification, Differentiation, Polymerase chain reaction, PCR-restriction analysis, Electrophoresis, Laboratory techniques and procedures, B780-tropical-medicine