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Freeform optical system design with differentiable three-dimensional ray tracing and unsupervised learning

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Optical systems have been crucial for versatile applications such as consumer electronics, remote sensing and biomedical imaging. Designing optical systems has been a highly professional work due to complicated aberration theories and intangible rules-of-thumb, hence neural networks are only coming into this realm until recent years. In this work, we propose and implement a generic, differentiable freeform raytracing module, suitable for off-axis, multiple-surface freeform/aspheric optical systems, paving the way toward a deep learning-based optical design method. The network is trained with minimal prior knowledge, and it can infer numerous optical systems after a one-time training. The presented work unlocks great potential for deep learning in various freeform/aspheric optical systems, and the trained network could serve as an effective, unified platform for generating, recording, and replicating good initial optical designs.(c) 2023 Optica Publishing Group under the terms of the Optica Open Access Publishing Agreement
Journal: Opt. Express
ISSN: 1094-4087
Issue: 5
Volume: 31
Pages: 7450-7465
Publication year:2023