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Firefly based distributed synchronization in wireless sensor networks for passive acoustic localization

Book Contribution - Book Abstract Conference Contribution

Passive acoustic localization is an important technique in a wide variety of monitoring applications, ranging from healthcare over biological survey to structural health monitoring of buildings. If the subject of interest emits a recognizable sound and is picked up by a distributed array of microphones it is possible to measure the difference in arrival times and reconstruct the source positions. This requires the microphones to be synchronized up to a fraction of the expected time differences of arrivals in order for the system to be able to produce accurate location estimates. In this paper we take a closer look at the techniques required to synchronize a network of sensors, connected through a low-power RF-communication link, in a distributed manner, ie. without the presence of a master node. The absence of a master node makes the network more robust against the failure of a single node. We took inspiration from the synchronization technique observed in some species of fireflies. A synchronized pseudo random number is embedded in the captured data as a marker to re-align the data-streams in time in a post-processing stage.
Book: International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation, (IPIN), OCT 04-07, 2016, Madrid, SPAIN
Pages: 1 - 8
Publication year:2016