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Evaluation of mercury availability to pea parts (Pisum sativum L) in urban soils: Comparison between diffusive gradients in thin films technique and plant model

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

The diffusive gradients in thin films technique (DGT) was used for the determination of bioavailable mercury in urban soils, and results were compared to the mercury accumulation by Pisum sativum L. (pea) parts (leaf, root, stem, blossom, legume, and green seed). The total mercury concentration in soil samples was ranged between 0.084 and 0.326 mg kg−1. The soil solutions contained 0.15%–0.20% of mercury present in soils. In the soil solution, 2.21%–3.45% of mercury was available for DGT units. The highest mercury content was determined in the leaf and root of the pea plant, and the lowest in the consumable part of the pea plant (green seed). Mercury concentration in the parts of the pea plant increased over time, alongside the growth of the plant. The effect of acid precipitation on mercury bioavailability was statistically non-significant (p = 0.53). Significant and positive correlations were found between mercury flux into DGT unit, and mercury flux into the root (r = 0.989), leaf (r = 0.985), and stem (r = 0.904) of the pea plant. The obtained results suggest that the DGT method could be used for description of the uptake of mercury by pea plant parts in non-contaminated and slightly contaminated soils.
Journal: Chemosphere
ISSN: 0045-6535
Volume: 234
Pages: 373-378
Number of pages: 6
Publication year:2019
Keywords:Environmental science & technology