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Ethanol:propionate ratio drives product selectivity in odd-chain elongation with Clostridium kluyveri and mixed communities
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
Microbial production of valerate, a five-carbon carboxylate, can occur from propionate and ethanol through a process called odd-chain elongation. The generation of even-chain compounds in this process lowers product selectivity, forming a key challenge. This study investigated factors determining product selectivity during odd-chain elongation in an odd-chain elongating mixed community and the pure culture Clostridium kluyveri DSM555. Incubations at different ratios of ethanol:propionate showed that increasing ratios (from 0.5 to 7) lowered product specificity, as evidenced by a decrease in the odd:even product ratio from 5.5 to 1.5 for C. kluyveri and from 15 to 0.8 for the mixed community. The consistency of these observations with literature data suggests that control of ethanol:propionate ratio offers a robust tool for process control in odd-chain elongation, while the flexible metabolism can also have implications for efficient use of ethanol during even-chain elongation processes.
Journal: Bioresource Technology
Number of pages: 1