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Estimating structural equation models using JamesU+2013Stein type shrinkage estimators

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

We propose a two-step procedure to estimate structural equation models (SEMs). In a first step, the latent variable is replaced by its conditional expectation given the observed data. This conditional expectation is estimated using a James-Stein type shrinkage estimator. The second step consists of regressing the dependent variables on this shrinkage estimator. In addition to linear SEMs, we also derive shrinkage estimators to estimate polynomials. We empirically demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed method via simulation and contrast the proposed estimator with ML and MIIV estimators under a limited number of simulation scenarios. We illustrate the method on a case study.
Journal: PSYCHOMETRIKA
ISSN: 1860-0980
Issue: 1
Volume: 86
Pages: 96 - 130
Publication year:2021