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The Epilepsy Surgery Grading Scale: Validation in an independent population with drug-resistant focal epilepsy

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

The Epilepsy Surgery Grading Scale (ESGS) is a simple tool that predicts a patient's likelihood of progressing to resective surgery and becoming seizure-free. The aim of our study was to validate the ESGS in an independent patient cohort. We retrospectively calculated the ESGS score for adult patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy undergoing presurgical evaluation at two reference centers for drug-resistant epilepsy in Belgium. We classified patients into ESGS grade 1 (most favorable), grade 2 (intermediate), and grade 3 (least favorable). We assessed progression to surgery and postsurgical seizure freedom. A total of 238 patients underwent presurgical evaluation (presurgical cohort), of whom 140 progressed to surgery (surgical cohort). In the presurgical cohort, we observed significant differences in rates of surgery and in rates of seizure freedom between grades 1, 2, and 3. In the surgical cohort, we observed significant differences in rates of seizure freedom between grades 1 and 2 and between grades 1 and 3. We confirm the usefulness of the ESGS for the prognostic stratification of patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy undergoing presurgical evaluation. Our results support the use of the ESGS in the decision process of presurgical evaluation in clinical practice.
Journal: Epilepsia
ISSN: 0013-9580
Issue: 8
Volume: 60
Pages: E78 - E82
Number of pages: 5
Publication year:2019