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Elucidating the competition between heterotrophic denitrification and DNRA using the resource-ratio theory
Journal Contribution - Journal Article
Heterotrophic denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA) are two microbial processes competing for two shared resources, namely, nitrate and organic carbon (COD). Their competition has great implications for nitrogen loss, conservation, and greenhouse gas emissions. Nevertheless, a comprehensive and mechanistic understanding of the governing factors for this competition is still lacking. We applied the resource-ratio theory to study this competition and validated the theory with experimental data from continuous cultures reported in the literature. Based on this theory, we revealed that influent COD/N ratio alone was not sufficient to predict the competition outcome as the boundary values for different competition outcomes changed substantially with influent resource concentrations. The stoichiometry of the two processes was determinative for the boundaries, whereas the affinity for the shared resources (KS), maximum specific growth rate (U+03BCmax) of the two species, and the dilution rate had significant impacts as well but mainly at low influent resource concentrations (e.g., <100 U+03BCM nitrate). The presented approach allows for a more comprehensive understanding of the parameters controlling microbial competition. The computational comparison between continuous and batch cultures could explain seemingly conflicting experimental results as to the impact of the COD/N ratio. The results also include testable hypotheses and tools for understanding and managing the fate of nitrate in ecosystems, which could also be applied more widely to other species competing for two shared resources.
Journal: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
Pages: 13953 - 13962