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Effect of dexamethasone on gene expression of cannabinoid receptor type 1 and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase in the hypothalamus of broilers (Gallus domesticus)

Journal Contribution - Journal Article

Hypothalamic neural circuits play a critical role in integrating peripheral signals and conveying information about energy and nutrient status. We detected cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) distribution in the hypothalamus, liver, duodenum, jejunum, and ileum among 7- and 35-day-old broilers. The effects of dexamethasone (DEX) on CB1 gene expression were evaluated by in vitro and in vivo experiments on glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the hypothalamus of broilers. In vitro, hypothalamic cells from 17-day-old broiler embryos were incubated with either 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide or DEX (100 nmol/mL) for 1 h. In the in vivo study, 28-day-old broilers were injected with DEX for 24 h or 72 h. Results showed that CB1 was mainly expressed in the hypothalamus, and 72 h DEX treatment increased the expression. One-day treatment of broilers with DEX did not change the hypothalamic CB1 gene expression. Moreover, DEX treatment for 24 h and 72 h increased the mRNA level of hypothalamic AMPKα2 and GR. However, no differences were observed on the gene expression of CB1, GR, and AMPKα2 in hypothalamic cells with DEX-treated for 1 h. In conclusion, CB1 is mainly expressed in the hypothalamus of broilers; 72-h DEX exposure can regulate the CB1 system and AMPK signaling pathway of the broiler hypothalamus.
Journal: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
ISSN: 1095-6433
Volume: 260
Number of pages: 6
Publication year:2021
Accessibility:Closed